Sandakan Death Marches, A Tribute to Aussie POWs

 

In honour of ANZAC Day (Australia and New Zealand Army Corp)…

I’m always amazed at how few people realise that Australians have also fought in all the major international wars dating back to World War I and that we have experienced immense tragedy like so many other nations over the insanity of human conflict. The lesser known Sandakan Death Marches are one such horrendous example. During World War II the Japanese empire was fighting the Pacific front and sending their prisoners of war (POWs) to North Borneo. They’d set up a camp in Sandakan, the 2nd largest town in the Malaysian province of Sabah.

Sandakan Memorial Park
Most of POWs at the camp were Australian, numbering around 1600, mixed with around 700 British men who had been captured when Singapore fell to the Japanese. The POWs were sent to Sandakan to build a strategic air strip for the Japanese. Initially the conditions were ok, but once it became known that the POWs were helping the local resistance, rations were cut and conditions became atrocious. Japanese soldiers forced POWs at gun point to work on the air strip regardless of their health.

Sandakan Memorial Park
 

However, once the Allied forces started to close in on the area, the Japanese decided to reallocate the camp and the first of 3 death marches was scheduled. The POWs were to walk 260 km’s inland, to the village of Ranau, through an unforgiving virgin rainforest jungle. On January 28th, 1945, 450 POWs began their unbeknownst death march, with 313 making it to Ranau. Those who were unable to keep up were shot and left behind. The second march left with 570 POWs and arrived with just 118 surviving the atrocious conditions. Many POWs didn’t even have boots, and rations were extremely limited, so it was easy to parish from starvation, disease and fatigue. The conditions at the new Ranau camp were no better, and many more deaths were still to come.

 

Sandakan Memorial Park
 

The final march involved just the weakest of the POWs and it was never completed as none made it to Ranau. A few remained in the camp, and were shot. Of the approximately 2345 POWs in the original Sandakan camp, only 6 survived… and this is because these 6 men miraculously escaped and were taken in by hospitable Malaysians who were also suffering from the occupation of the Japanese.

Sandakan Memorial Park
 

Now at the site of the camp is a peaceful park, with very little of the camp remaining. There is an educational centre where you can read more about the history of the camp and of the stories of those who escaped. Specific memorial services are held at the park for ANZAC Day on the 25th of April and Sandakan Day on the 15th of August.

To get to there you will need to catch a taxi as it is outside the centre of Sandakan. If you pop into the Sandakan tourism office and let Elvina know you want to go there she will arrange a taxi for you, which will cost the equivalent of around €14 ($20 USD) roundtrip, and the driver will also wait one hour while you explore the memorial. Also, Elvina is a wonderfully friendly resource. If you need to know anything about tours around the Sandakan area she stays on the daily beat of which areas tourists have recently seen endangered animals, like packs of pygmy elephants in the wild. And the entire Sabah region of Borneo is an amazing and enlightening part of the world.

The Sandakan Memorial was extremely moving to both of us, and were were glad we took a break from fun to experience it. Sites like these are one of the most amazing parts of traveling, as before our time in Borneo neither of us even knew what had happened in Sandakan. Lest we forget…

Sandakan Memorial park

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