Kilmainham Jail, Moving Political History Lesson in Dublin

The history of Ireland has been a turbulent one. 700 years of English occupation effectively ended in 1922 when the Anglo-Irish Treaty was signed. This paved the way for Irish Independence following a 2 and 1/2 year resistance movement against British rule. The treaty was divisive among Irish people because it left 6 northern counties remaining under the English crown, which they still do to this day. During 700 years of English rule there were several Irish rebellions that led to the final one, the other most significant being the Easter rising of 1916. Many influential leaders of the rebellion were executed at Kilmainham Jail for their role in the Easter Rising, which has become a museum. It’s the best political history lesson in Dublin I’ve come across.

old prison door in Dublin, best political history lesson in Dublin

Kilmainhaim Jail (Gaol in Gaelic)

Kilmainham Gaol (old spelling of jail) was built in 1796 to replace the even more horrendous version next door. Public executions took place in the early 1800’s and were spectator sport back then. Men, women and children as little as 5 were thrown in jail for as little as stealing a piece of bread or begging in the street. Prisoners were placed in solitary confinement, sometimes upwards of 1 year. Overcrowding became an issue during the Potato Famine of the mid 1800’s that saw 1 million Irish people die of starvation and disease, of course also causing crime to rise.

Old prison cell in Dublin, best political history lesson in Dublin

A Museum Commemorating a Place Where Irish Political Prisoners Were Executed

Today there is a museum on the history of the jail and the political uprising that led to Ireland’s independence attached to Kilmainham Jail, which stands as a museum in its own right. A 1 hour guided tour of the jail can be done and is a must for any visitor interested in Irish history. It’s a moving journey through oppression and the struggle to end it. For expats like us who did not know where large train stations in Dublin like Heuston and Pearse got their names, Kilmainham is fantastic. They, along with James Connolly and others, were executed at the prison.

memorial to Easter Rising at Kilmainham Jail

In the Name of the Father

The critically acclaimed film based on a true story, ‘In the Name of the the Father’ was filmed at Kilmainham Jail. It was nominated for 7 Academy Awards in 1994 including best actor for Daniel Day-Lewis and best supporting actress for Emma Thompson. The small cafe in the jail is dedicated to the film.

Kilmainham Jail, where 'In the Name of the Father' was filmed

Dublin Highlights

Along with Dublin Castle, for completely opposite reasons, Kilmainham Gaol Museum is my favorite attraction in Dublin. Visiting both offers great insight into modern Irish history and government.

If you’re in Dublin on the first Wednesday of the month you’re in luck because admission to both on those days are free. If you’re touring Dublin on a different day you’re also in luck because the admission cost is worthwhile.

Our article on How to Spend a Perfect Week in Ireland covers a broad range of activities. It highlights everything from the best museums, pubs and restaurants in Dublin and beyond. Whether you want to travel independently or book a tour, there’s tips for both options.

Anglo-Irish Treaty votes, best political history lesson in Dublin
Address: Inchicore Road, Kilmainham, Dublin 8.

Telephone No: +353 1 453 5984

Kilmainham Jail Admission Fees

Adult: €8.00
Senior 60+: €6.00
Child/Student: €4.00
Family: €20.00

Search Kilmainham Jail’s calendar a couple weeks in advance to book museum tickets. Tours are often sold out at least a week in advance!

Kilmainham Jail courtyard
Irish flag in the courtyard of Kilmainham Jail. Green signifies loyalty to Ireland, orange signifies allegiance to Britain and white stands for peace between both sides.


  • Alex&Bell

    Alex and Bell originally met while solo traveling after finishing university in 2002, in Brugge, Belgium. Alex grew up in the USA and Bell hails from Australia. During our nearly 20 year marriage we've lived around the world, including spending six years living in the Netherlands and Ireland. We have traveled to nearly 70 countries and enjoy giving readers authentic and quality travel tips. Alex is an award winning travel journalist and travel planner, who also freelances for other outlets. Bell is an award winning PhD scientist who currently works for a non-profit lung cancer advocacy research organization called Lungevity. Happy travels and if you have any questions leave a comment or drop an email!

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5 thoughts on “Kilmainham Jail, Moving Political History Lesson in Dublin

  1. This sounds like the kind of place I think I would enjoy, and having not studied this part of history for quite a number of years since I left school, it’d be the perfect place for a reminder.

    1. Yes you would certainly enjoy a visit here. Especially if you enjoyed learning about this history in school. Thanks for reading and commenting Dale!

  2. Since I saw the pictures I knew I had seen this prison in that movie. However, if I remember correctly, it represented a prison in England.

    1. Hey Tuscan, yes you are correct. My description of the film was lacking in details. While the film is indeed based on a true story, it is one of an Irish man at a prison in England, and did not actually happen at Kilmainham. Perhaps they chose Kilmainham because the prison was closed but still existed as a museum so it made an ideal location for filming. I’m surprised a film has not been made there depicting the Easter Rising.

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